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Those who rage with frustration during a marital spat have an increased risk of cardiovascular problems such as chest pain or high blood pressure later in life, according to new research from Northwestern University and the University of California, Claudia HaaseBerkeley.


Conversely, shutting down emotionally or “stonewalling” during conflict raises the risk of musculoskeletal ailments such as a bad back or stiff muscles, according to the study, published online in the journal Emotion.


It’s well known that negative emotions may harm physical health, but it turns out that not all negative emotions have equal consequences. Using 20 years of data, and controlling for such factors as age, education, exercise, smoking, alcohol use and caffeine consumption, the researchers were able to connect specific emotions to corresponding health problems.


“Conflict happens in every marriage, but people deal with it in different ways,"  said study lead author Claudia Haase, an assistant professor of human development and social policy in Northwestern's School of Education and Social Policy. "Some of us explode with anger while some of us shut down. Our study shows that these different emotional behaviors can predict the development of different health problems in the long run.”


Overall, the link between emotions and health outcomes was most pronounced for husbands, but some of the key correlations also were found in wives. The researchers analyzed married couples in the throes of tense conversations for just 15 minutes, but that was long enough to predict the development of health problems over 20 years later.


The findings could spur hotheads to consider such interventions as anger management, while people who withdraw during conflict might benefit from resisting the impulse to bottle up their emotions, the researchers said.


“Our findings reveal a new level of precision in how emotions are linked to health, and how our behaviors over time can predict the development of negative health outcomes,” said UC Berkeley psychologist Robert Levenson, senior author of the study.


Read the full story here.


During a recent visit to the Menominee Nation of Wisconsin, a group of Medill journalism students learned that there is often more to the story than the “who, what, when, where, why.”

 

Visitors to the Menominee Nation are overwhelmed by the forest, which expands in every direction for more than 200,000 acres, and the Wolf River, its life source, that traces the history of the Menominee people to their ancestral roots. The Menominee people who live on the reservation continue to teach their language to their children and practice the customs of their earliest relatives.


A group of Northwestern University undergraduates and aspiring journalists spent a weekend on the Menominee Reservation last month as part of an assignment that tasks each student with producing a video oral history interview and reporting on urban American Indians living in the Chicago area.


"I wanted the students to get a sense of how important the land is in the minds of their interview subjects -- many of whom are Native Americans who relocated to Chicago -- and what they felt about the place they had come from," said Loren Ghiglione, a journalism professor who led the trip.


The students visited the College of Menominee Nation, toured parts of the forest, walked along the river, participated in the annual Sturgeon Feast and witnessed a pow-wow celebration, complete with traditional tribal dances and games.


The goal of Ghiglione’s class was to learn about Chicago’s Native Americans, who are part of an important but underreported story in North America. The purpose of the trip was to introduce the students to the Menominee culture, customs and history so that the budding journalists will have a deeper understanding of urban American Indians in Chicago.


"In journalism, we learn a lot about simplifying things to the 'who, what, when, where, why,' but there's more to these stories than that," said Medill junior Samuel Park. "The people and the culture are complex, and your story telling also has be complex." 

See the original story here.


Chad A. Mirkin, Northwestern University professor, entrepreneur and world leader in nanotechnology research and its application, received the international 2016 Dan David Prize in the Future Time Dimension at an awards ceremony May 22 at Tel Aviv University in Israel.


Mirkin was honored for his innovative research in nanotechnology and medicine, which holds great promise for improvement of our world. The Dan David Prize specifically recognizes his invention of spherical nucleic acids, which couple human DNA and nanotechnology and could improve diagnostics and medical treatments.


“The ceremony was an extraordinary honor, celebration and experience,” Mirkin said. “The Dan David Prize is a major milestone for my research group and Northwestern science, engineering and medicine at large. Having President Schapiro on stage at the awards ceremony made it an especially rewarding and memorable event.”


In addition to Mirkin’s family, a small group of Northwestern officials attended the ceremony. They included President Morton Schapiro; Robert McQuinn, vice president for alumni relations and development; Nim Chinniah, executive vice president; Philip Harris, vice president and general counsel; and Michael Bedzyk and Monica Olvera de la Cruz, professors of materials science and engineering.


The Dan David Prize annually awards three $1 million prizes for outstanding achievements in the three time dimensions -- past, present and future. This year, the future time dimension prize recognizes innovative and interdisciplinary research that cuts across traditional boundaries and paradigms in nanoscience and nanotechnology.


Mirkin, the George B. Rathmann Professor of Chemistry in the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences, shares the $1 million future time dimension prize with Paul Alivisatos, University of California, Berkeley, and Sir John Pendry, Imperial College London. Alivisatos and Pendry also attended the May 22 ceremony.


Mirkin is a pioneer in a unique frontier. For the past two decades, he has been repackaging and chemically modifying DNA, the genetic blueprint of life, and its sister nucleic acid, RNA, in new forms and tacking them on to nanoparticles in a quest to achieve new breakthroughs, especially in the health sciences. His work has led to the invention of 3-D structures called spherical nucleic acids (SNAs) that have chemical and physical properties that are radically different from what is found in nature.


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Even before infants understand their first words, they have already begun to link language and thought. Listening to language boosts infant cognition. New evidence provides even greater insight into the crucial role of language exposure in infants’ first months of life, according to Northwestern University research.

 

Prior research has found that infants come into the world equipped with an initially broad link, one that encompasses the communicative signals of both humans and nonhuman primates. At 3 months old, listening to both human and nonhuman primate (lemur) vocalizations supports infants’ ability to form categories, a building block of cognition. But by 6 months, the link has narrowed, with only human vocalizations supporting categorization. Infants’ initially broad link to cognition is sculpted by their experience.


Northwestern researchers sought to understand what mechanisms underlie this rapid tuning process and document in a new study the crucial role of experience as infants tune this link specifically to human language.


In the experiments, the researchers found that merely exposing 6-month-old infants to nonhuman primate vocalizations permits them to preserve, rather than sever, their early link between these signals and categorization. Exposing infants to backward human speech -- a signal that fails to support categorization in the first year of life -- does not have this advantage.


“This new evidence illuminates the central role of early experience as infants specify which signals, from an initially broad set, they will continue to link to core cognitive capacities,” said Danielle R. Perszyk, lead author of the study and a doctoral candidate in cognitive psychology in the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences at Northwestern.


The research, which underscores the importance of language exposure in the first months of life, also has far-reaching implications for early language and cognitive development.


“It provides a unique vantage point from which to consider the intricate interface between capacities inherent in the human infant and the shaping force of experience,” said Sandra Waxman, senior author of the study, director of the Project on Child Development, faculty fellow in Northwestern’s Institute for Policy Research and the Louis W. Menk Chair in Psychology at Northwestern.


“Although experience may play little, if any role, in picking out the broad set of signals that infants first link to cognition, here we show that experience is essential in guiding infants, with increasing precision, to single out which signals from the initially privileged set they will continue to link to meaning and which they will tune out,” Waxman said.


“Listening to the calls of the wild: The role of experience in linking language and cognition in young infants” will publish in an upcoming issue of Cognition.


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Seven current and former members of the Las Vegas Review-Journal staff are the recipients of the 2015 James Foley Medill Medal for Courage in Journalism for their coverage of the newspaper’s sale to the family of billionaire casino executive Sheldon Adelson. Glenn Cook, James DeHaven, Eric Hartley, Jennifer Robison, John L. Smith, Howard Stutz and James G. Wright received the honor.

“This award was created to honor courage in journalism – moral, physical, ethical, financial or political,” said Medill alumnus and co-judge Dick Stolley.  “Because of the violent world we have to cover, journalists displaying physical courage have often been the winners, and justifiably so.  This year is different. The staff of this newspaper displayed great courage in its coverage of a dramatic change in management in order to keep the public informed of news critical to their community. They risked their livelihood, careers and reputations in insisting on the kind of courageous journalism our medal was invented to celebrate. We are proud of them and of our choice.”

The Story

The announcement in December 2015 that the newspaper had been sold to a new and unnamed holding company, News + Media Capital Group LLC, sparked instant controversy, said Managing Editor Glenn Cook, who nominated the staff for Medill’s award.

“Everyone knew immediately that the anonymous purchase of a major daily American newspaper was unprecedented, and that secret ownership of the Review-Journal created an immediate ethical and credibility crisis not just for the newspaper, but for everyone employed by it,” Cook said. “How could reporters disclose potential conflicts of interest if they didn’t know who they worked for? How could readers trust them?”

Review-Journal staff quickly learned that reporting on their new owners would be difficult because, under the deal, GateHouse had been retained to operate the newspaper. Without telling the newsroom, someone at the GateHouse Media Design Center in Austin, Texas, ordered the Review-Journal’s presses stopped so quotes from News + Media Capital Group LLC Manager Michael Schroeder and then-Editor Mike Hengel could be removed from a story announcing the sale.

Reporters James DeHaven, Howard Stutz and Jennifer Robison, led by Deputy Editor James G. Wright, worked their sources until the shell company started to crack. An editorial by Cook (who at the time was the Review-Journal’s senior editorial writer) compared the lack of transparency in local teacher contract talks to his own paper’s lack of openness. Finally, on Dec. 16, the R-J was ready to report that Adelson’s son-in-law was behind the purchase. The scoop was ready to publish online at 2:30 p.m. but it languished, awaiting clearance from management. At 7:25 p.m., Hengel ordered the story posted.

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http://www.communication.northwestern.edu/sites/default/files/images/darcy-james700.jpg

A night set aside to celebrate two Broadway stars turned into a tour de force for one. Brian d’Arcy James, star of stage and screen (with his recent role in the Oscar-winning film Spotlight), delighted the capacity crowd at Pick-Staiger Concert Hall on May 16 with his talent and kindness.

The annual Sarah Siddons Society Actor of the Year celebration included testimonials about the winners (d’Arcy James and actress Sutton Foster), the announcement of scholarship honorees, and a variety of music theater performances. But the night belonged to d’Arcy James, the 1990 School of Communication alumnus who graciously accepted his honor but also performed three numbers, including “Who I’d Be” from Shrek the Musical in place of Foster, who was unable to attend.

Barbara O’Keefe, dean of the School of Communication, acknowledged the good works of the Siddons Society, which bestows scholarships and “honors great actors for their career achievements, something we care a lot about.”

She heralded the “long and robust friendship” of the Society and Northwestern and talked about how happy she was that the University could co-host this year’s event and celebrate “two individuals with such deep roots in our community.”

D’Arcy James “is an alumnus, a four-year member of the Waa-Mu cast and crew, and someone who was featured in several plays and musicals … when he was a student here,” O’Keefe said. In addition, Foster recently had served as a visiting artist in the Department of Theatre.

While Foster wasn’t present, she sent along her thanks. It was “such an honor to be recognized in this way and to share this with my friend and colleague Brian d’Arcy James,” she wrote, calling it “humbling and truly an honor.”

Dominic Missimi, artistic director of the Siddons Society, emeritus professor of theatre, and a fixture in the Chicago music theater scene, offered his own high praise Monday night, saluting d’Arcy James as “a great artist.”

The primary mission of the Siddons Society is to raise money for deserving music theatre students at four Chicago-area schools: Columbia College, Roosevelt University, DePaul University, and Northwestern. But its annual award event is what brings in the crowds.

After performances from Northwestern theatre students and alumni, including former Siddons scholarship winners Christine Mild and Michael Mahler, theatre alumna Kate Baldwin took the stage to introduce d’Arcy James, whom she called “the nicest man in show business.”

Read the full story here.

Northwestern University's Global Humanities Initiative and Northwestern University Press have created the $5,000 Global Humanities Translation Prize for translators.

 

Northwestern University Press will publish the winning work, which will be selected annually by a rotating committee of distinguished international scholars, writers and public intellectuals.


The Global Humanities Translation Prize recognizes writing that strikes a nuanced balance of scholarly rigor, aesthetic grace, and general readability, especially those that introduce a wider audience to:

  • Underrepresented and experimental literary voices from marginalized communities
  • Humanistic scholarship in infrequently translated languages
  • Important classical texts in non-Western traditions and languages

 

The Global Humanities Initiative was co-founded in the fall of 2015 by Laura Brueck, an associate professor of Indian literature in the department of Asian languages and cultures, and Rajeev Kinra, an associate professor in the department of history in the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences at Northwestern.

 

The initiative is supported by Northwestern’s Buffett Institute for Global Studies and Alice Kaplan Institute for the Humanities.


“Our goal is to bring much-needed attention not only to the rich humanistic traditions of the non-West, but also to the relevance of those traditions for global development and public policy,” Brueck said.


Added Kinra: “It places Northwestern University at the center of a vital international conversation about the continuing role of the humanities in building a more just, tolerant and humane 21st century.”


Founded in 1893, Northwestern University Press publishes works of enduring scholarly and cultural value, extending the university’s mission to a community of readers throughout the world. The Press has an international reputation for publishing translations of scholarly work, fiction, drama and poetry.


“The Press’s partnership with the Global Humanities Initiative is part of our long tradition of bringing exceptional translations of important works to an English-speaking audience,” said Jane Bunker, director of Northwestern University Press. “We expect that this award will bring a renewed measure of academic prestige to the craft of translation itself.”


Interested translators may apply for the inaugural award through August 1, 2016. For submission instructions, visit the Global Humanities Initiative website or email ghi@northwestern.edu.

 

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Elizabeth “Beth” Lewis Pardoe, senior associate director of the Office of Fellowships at Northwestern University, will succeed

Elizabeth Lewis Pardoe

current director Sara Vaux when she retires Aug. 31, 2016.

 

Pardoe first joined the Office of Fellowships in September 2006 and was quickly promoted to associate director and then senior associate director, reflecting her substantial talents in cultivating students’ interests and connecting them to resources that develop them as engaged citizens of the world.

 

To her appointment as director, Pardoe brings a deep commitment to the university, knowledge of the Evanston community and understanding of national and international educational opportunities.

 

Pardoe truly bleeds purple. She grew up in Evanston with a faculty father, was a high school debate member in The Cherubs, a Northwestern-based summer debate program for outstanding high school students, and returned to Northwestern for her undergraduate degree in history. She honed her interests in the development of culturally diverse educational institutions during a summer ethnographic field study in Arizona about the educational experiences of Navajo students and a junior year abroad in Germany.  A precursor to the undergraduate research grant allowed Pardoe to conduct senior thesis research in Philadelphia, which later evolved into her doctoral dissertation.

 

In addition to her roles on planning and selection committees for the National Association of Fellowship Advisors and the Marshall Scholarship, Pardoe has taught in the American Studies Program and in the history department at Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences. Additionally, she serves as a fellow of Shepard Residential College, an adviser to the social service organization Alpha Phi Omega and secretary of Phi Beta Kappa’s East Central District. She also sits on the Board of Directors for The Alumnae of Northwestern University, an all-volunteer group of women that has given more than $7.5 million in fellowships, scholarships and awards to faculty and students during the past 100 years.

 

“Beth has an outstanding set of knowledge, skills and experiences that position her to lead the Office of Fellowships,” said Ronald Braeutigam, associate provost for undergraduate education. “I look forward to working with her and to continuing to build upon the substantial successes of the office under Sara Vaux’s leadership.”

 

Pardoe completed two masters degrees as a Marshall Scholar at the University of Cambridge and earned her PhD at Princeton University, supported by dissertation fellowships at the University of Pennsylvania’s McNeil Center for Early American Studies and Princeton’s Center for Human Values.  Her scholarship on religious and ethnic diversity in Reformation Europe and colonial North America has appeared in German and American publications.  In addition, she is a regular contributor to the Inside Higher Ed Blog, University of Venus.  Each May, Pardoe, her husband and their two sons enjoy hosting Northwestern’s British Scholarships Garden Party at their Evanston home.

 

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Northwestern Pritzker School of Law has added two significant curricular options -- a concentration of courses and a lab -- designed to help graduates succeed in the technologically driven global economy.


The Technology, Innovation and Entrepreneurship concentration will expose students to the issues that drive the innovation process and to the role of technology in the modern economy.


The Innovation Lab will focus on the legal, business, technical, teamwork, design and presentation skills involved in the innovation process and allow students to put those skills to work in designing a commercial product that will solve a legal problem.

 

Together these curricular initiatives will prepare graduates to navigate complex legal issues related to innovation, gain exposure to evolving legal practice technologies and develop an entrepreneurial mindset.


“Relentless innovation raises countless strategic, legal and regulatory considerations, and technology often gets in front of the law,” said Daniel Rodriguez, dean of the Law School. “These curriculum enhancements will address the critical need for lawyers and technologists to collaborate early and often.


“To navigate the evolving needs and expectations of employers and clients, students need to be exposed to issues that drive the innovation process and the role of technology in today’s economy,” he said.


Northwestern Law has long been a leader in law and business. The school has been a pioneer in providing multi-disciplinary legal and business training through its JD-MBA program, the nation’s largest, the Donald Pritzker Entrepreneurship Law Center (DPELC) and, most recently, the Master of Science in Law (MSL) program.


The Entrepreneurship Law Center has served close to 1,000 clients since its creation in 1998. Under the supervision of faculty, students work together to represent a variety of business ventures on projects ranging from intellectual property protection to drafting founders’ agreements and customer contracts.


“These new initiatives represent an important development in the DPELC as we continue to build a robust interdisciplinary learning environment,” said Esther Barron, clinical professor of law and director of the DPELC. “The DPELC strives to prepare our students not only to be successful lawyers but to also play valuable roles as members of entrepreneurial teams.”


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Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is used to repair aortic stenosis, a condition that occurs when the aortic valve narrows, limiting blood flow to the heart.

A minimally invasive procedure to repair aortic stenosis may be preferable to open-heart surgery when treating patients at intermediate risk of surgical mortality, according to a recent observational study co-led by Northwestern Medicine investigator S. Chris Malaisrie, MD, andpublished in The Lancet.

Aortic stenosis occurs when the aortic valve narrows, limiting blood flow to the heart. It’s usually caused by age-related scarring and calcium buildup in the valve cusp – a flap that opens to allow blood flow through the valve. The standard of care for aortic stenosis has been open-heart surgery to replace the damaged valve, but this treatment is too risky for some patients.

One alternative to open-heart surgery is transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), a procedure in which a collapsible replacement valve is inserted into the heart through a catheter. Previous research has shown that TAVR is safe and effective for high-risk patients. The new study evaluated this method for intermediate-risk patients.

“The study showed that a third generation transcatheter valve called SAPIEN 3 seemed to be superior to standard aortic valve replacement in patients with aortic stenosis who we considered to have intermediate risk of surgical mortality,” said Malaisrie, an associate professor ofSurgery in the Division of Cardiac Surgery, who was principal investigator of the study’s Northwestern site.

The investigators assessed 1,077 intermediate-risk patients who received TAVR at 51 sites in North America and compared their results to patients who received open-heart surgery for surgical valve replacement. A year after surgery, the patients treated with TAVR had superior outcomes, including better rates of survival, stroke incidence and re-intervention.

“Lower-risk patients now have another option for their treatment that appears to be just as good as open-heart surgery,” Malaisrie said. “In some centers, TAVR will become the favored option.”

A major benefit of TAVR is that recovery time in the hospital is just three days, compared to five days for open-heart surgery.

In a future study, Malaisrie and his colleagues plan to test TAVR in low-risk patients.

Edwards Lifesciences, the manufacturer of the SAPIEN 3 transcatheter valve, supported some of this research. Malaisrie did not receive compensation from the company for his work in the trial.

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Northwestern University's campus in Evanston, IL, USA

Faculty, staff, and students from Northwestern University’s Qatar campus introduced individual scholars and their research efforts as well as students showcasing journalistic projects, documentary films, and undergraduate research during a week-long series of events on the Evanston campus.

“Connections between the Qatar campus and its home campus in Evanston offers a vision of NU’s 12th school and only international campus at a time when the university is accelerating its global activities,” said Everette E. Dennis, dean and CEO of Northwestern University in Qatar (NU-Q).

Speaking to the Association for Higher Education Administrators' Development (AHEAD@NU) on "At Home Abroad: Northwestern's First International Campus,” Dennis provided an overview of the history of Northwestern’s campus in Qatar, which he said began with a simple letter to the president of Northwestern asking if it was interested in collaborating with Qatar in creating a journalism and communication school in Doha.”

Dennis told the group that the collaboration between Northwestern and the Qatar Foundations is essential to building a strong academic program, and encouraging freedom of expression and the development of robust media industries in the country, which he said has a “sense of destiny and wants to play a role on the world stage.” He also presented a video of NU-Q’s new building, which the school will be moving to in 2017.

At a faculty colloquium hosted by the the Medill School of Journalism, Media, Integrated Marketing Communications, Klaus Schoenbach, associate dean of research, Urooj Kamran Azmi, a student at NU-Q, and Dean Dennis provided faculty with an overview of the collaborative research taking place at NU-Q.

Schoenbach told the group that the research taking place at NU-Q includes institutional research, and faculty and student research. Pointing to what he referred to as the school’s “signature research program,” Schoenbach discussed NU-Q’s first ever Media Industries Report and the fourth annual Media Use Survey, which focuses on finding out what people are doing with media in six countries in the Middle East. A short video on the 2016 survey, which was released in early May was also presented.

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